Development Permit Areas
Under section 919.1 of the Local Government Act (LGA), local governments may designate areas of land known as a development permit areas (DPA) for one or more purposes. These purposes include:
(a) protection of the natural environment, its ecosystems and biological diversity;
(b) protection of development from hazardous conditions;
(c) protection of farming;
(d) revitalization of an area in which a commercial use is permitted;
(e) establishment of objectives for the form and character of intensive residential development;
(f) establishment of objectives for the form and character of commercial, industrial or multi-family residential development;
(g) in relation to an area in a resort region, establishment of objectives for the form and character of development in the resort region;
(h) establishment of objectives to promote energy conservation;
(i) establishment of objectives to promote water conservation;
(j) establishment of objectives to promote the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
If a local government designates a DPA in an official community plan (OCP), the OCP must describe the special contributions or objectives that justify the DPA designation. Guidelines for how development proposed for that area can address the special condition or objectives must also be specified.
Within a DPA, a property owner must obtain a development permit before subdividing land or constructing, adding to, or altering a building. A local government may issue a development permit (DP) that varies or supplements a subdivision or zoning bylaw.
Development Permit Areas for Climate Action
In 2008, the provincial government amended the LGA to enable local governments to establish development permit areas for climate action. These additional purposes include: establishing objectives to promote energy conservation, water conservation and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction. Development Permit Areas for Climate Action: A Guide for Energy Conservation, Water Conservation and GHG Emissions Reductions has been developed for local governments interested in using the additional DPA authority.